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     Flavio Toello Baracchini, an Italian ace with 21 victories and his Hanriot 515 with the insignia of four aces. He was with Nannini in the 76 squadron for a time and together with Nannini Sandoval and Silvio Scaroni, destroyed an observation balloon.

     The Hanriot 515 which was flown by Flavio Baracchini is currently on display at the Museo Storico Vigna di Valle.  The model is of Hanriot HD.1, serial unknown Aviazione Militare, 81a Squadrigilia, late spring 1918.  With the 81a Squadrigilia, Flavio Torello Baracchini marked his Hanriot with a shield, replacing the four aces carried with his previous unit.  This a a Macchi-built aircraft, apparently finished with metal forward fuselage, silver-doped wings and clear-doped rear fuselage.  The shield which also appears on the fuselage decking is black.
BARACCHINI, Flavio Torello
1895 - 1928
(Translation courtesy of Giovanni Giorgetti, 9-16-05)
     He was born in Villafranca di Lunigiana (Massa Carrara - Italy) on 1895.
     He got his pilot's licence during the war against Austria, in which he participated from the end of 1915; after Barraco, he shot down the greater number of enemy airplanes - 21 officially recognized - setting a record of 9 during 30 days.
     He was injured on August 8, 1917 in an aerial combat, because of which he only returned to the front after nine months.
     On May 22, 1918, he defended himself from the attack of fifteen enemy airplanes in the sky of Montello; on the following 25 June, he was severely injured when he was shot down due to enemy machine-gun fire.
     He left Aviation in 1921 after the war and settled in Rome, attending to some studies of aeronautic applications. He invented a special apparatus for signalling to airplanes. This apparatus was at once adopted by our Aeronautics. He was trying to develop an explosive mixture for use in his airplane, and was seriously hurt due to an accident. He died a little later, on August 18, 1928.
     He had been promoted to Lieutenant for meritorious service in the war: He was cited twice (only he) by the Diaz bulletin.
     He was decorated with the gold and silver medal for gallantry and was conferred the Croce di Cavaliere dell'Ordine Militare di Malta; and many other decorations of the Allies and a mention in dispatches.
     He was an Ace of Italian Aviation.

Flavio Toello Baracchini died on 18 August 1928.


Designed by Pierre Dupont, the Hanriot HD.1 biplane was small but agile. It was rejected by the French Air Service in late 1916 but found favor with the air services of Belgium and Italy, becoming the standard Italian fighter during World War I. Though not as fast as the Albatros scouts or the Hansa-Brandenburg D.I, it was sturdy, reliable and very maneuverable. Entering service during the summer of 1917, the HD.1 proved its worth throughout the war. On 26 December 1917, Italian pilots equipped with the Hanriot HD.1 engaged and destroyed eleven German reconnaissance aircraft at Istrana without incurring a single loss. Willy Coppens, Belgium's consummate balloon-buster, scored most of his victories flying this aircraft.
Hanriot HD.I Specifications
Country: France
Manufacturer: Société Anonyme des Appareils d'Aviation Hanriot
Type: Fighter
First Introduced: 1916
Number Built: 831 in Italy by Macchi
125 in France
Engine(s): Le Rhône 9JB, 9 cylinder, air cooled rotary, 120 hp
Wing Span: 28 ft 6½ in [8.7 m]
Length: 19 ft 2¼ in [5.85 m]
Height: 9 ft 7¾ in [2.94 m]
Empty Weight: [385 kg]
Gross Weight: 1,334 lb [605 kg]
Max Speed: 115 mph [184 km/h]
Ceiling: 20,670 ft [6,000 m]
Endurance: 2½ hours
Crew: 1
Armament: 1 machine gun
Belgian Air Service: 1ère, 9me, 10me, 11me
Italian Air Service: 70a, 76a, 78a, 79a, 81a
Hanriot HD.I Aces
1 Belgium Willy Coppens 37
2 Italy Flavio Baracchini 13
3 Italy Antonio Riva 6
4 Italy Amedeo Mecozzi 5
5 Belgium Andre de Meulemeester 5




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